Water and the global climate crisis: 10 things you should know

The world needs to get water smart. Everyone has a role to play, and we cannot afford to wait.

UNICEF
UNICEF/UN0328236/Chakma

20 March 2020

世界杯投注Climate change is disrupting weather patterns, leading to extreme weather events, unpredictable water availability, exacerbating water scarcity and contaminating water supplies. Such impacts can drastically affect the quantity and quality of water that children need to survive.

Today, a change in climate is felt primarily through a change in water. Millions of children are at risk.

  1. Extreme weather events and changes in water cycle patterns are making it more difficult to access safe drinking water, especially for the most vulnerable children.
  2. Over the last 25 years, floods, droughts and other weather-related events have caused more than 90 per cent of major weather-related disasters. The frequency and intensity of such events are only expected to increase with climate change.
  3. Around 500 million children now live in areas at extremely high risk of flooding due to weather events such as cyclones, hurricanes and storms, as well as rising sea levels.  
  4. When disasters hit, they can destroy or contaminate entire water supplies, increasing the risk of diseases like cholera and typhoid to which children are particularly vulnerable.
  5. Rising temperatures can lead to deadly pathogens in freshwater sources, making the water dangerous for people to drink.
  6. Contaminated water poses a huge threat to children’s lives. Water and sanitation related diseases are one of the leading causes of death in children under 5 years old.
  7. Every day, over 700 children under 5 die from diarrhoea linked to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene.   
  8. Climate change exacerbates water stress – areas of extremely limited water resources – leading to increased competition for water, even conflict.
  9. By 2040, almost 1 in 4 children will live in areas of extremely high water stress. 
  10. Rising sea levels are causing fresh water to become salty, compromising the water resources millions of people rely on.

Climate change is happening now. We must act, and water is part of the solution. 

世界杯投注Adapting to the water effects of climate change will protect children’s health and save their lives. Using water more efficiently and transitioning to solar powered water systems will reduce greenhouse gases and further protect children’s futures. 

The world needs to get water smart. Everyone has a role to play, and we cannot afford to wait.

世界杯投注This World Water Day, .